Caledonia


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World Population Prospects: The Revision. For forecasted years, the U.

For all other years: latest year annual percentage change equivalent assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period, calculated through reverse compounding. Yearly Change : For absolute change in total population increase or decrease in number of people over the last year from July 1, to June 30 For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period.

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Migrants net : The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years , or subsequent five year period for data. A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants. Median Age : age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution.

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It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period 15 to 49 years old based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality. Urban Population : Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country. Help Wanted! Home Maintenance Brokers for Posted On: 16 May, Programs and Services in Caledonia. Meals On Wheels Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit.


  1. Accessibility links.
  2. The Portrait of a Lady.
  3. The official guide for New Caledonia Tourism.

Transportation Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Home Maintenance Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Telephone Reassurance Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. The New Caledonian archipelago is a microcontinental island chain which originated as a fragment of Zealandia , a nearly submerged continent or microcontinent which was part of the southern supercontinent of Gondwana during the time of the dinosaurs.

Australia and Zealandia split apart 60—85 million years ago. Bernard Pelletier argues that Grande Terre was completely submerged for millions of years, and hence the origin of the flora may not be local in nature, but due to long distance-dispersal. New Zealand is the greatest part of Zealandia above sea level , followed by New Caledonia. Given its continental origin as a fragment of Zealandia, unlike many of the islands of the Pacific such as the Hawaiian chain , New Caledonia is not of geographically recent volcanic provenance.

Its separation from Australia at the end of the Cretaceous 65 mya and from New Zealand in the mid- Miocene has led to a long period of evolution in near complete isolation.

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Since the age of the dinosaurs, as the island moved north due to the effects of continental drift , some geologists assert that it may have been fully submerged at various intervals. Botanists , however, argue that there must have been some areas that remained above sea level , serving as refugia for the descendants of the original flora that inhabited the island when it broke away from Gondwana.

The isolation of New Caledonia was not absolute, however. New species came to New Caledonia while species of Gondwanan origin were able to penetrate further eastward into the Pacific Island region. The climate of New Caledonia is tropical , modified by southeasterly trade winds.

It is hot and humid. Natural hazards are posed in New Caledonia by cyclones , which occur most frequently between November and March. The mean annual temperature drops over the same interval from The terrain of Grande Terre consists of coastal plains , with mountains in the interior. The Diahot River is the longest river of New Caledonia, flowing for some 60 miles kilometres. A current environmental issue is erosion caused by mining exploitation and forest fires. Given its geographical isolation since the end of the Cretaceous , New Caledonia is a refugium , in effect a biological "Noah's Ark", an island home to both unique living plants and animals and also to its own special fossil endowment.

Birds such as the crested and almost flightless kagu French, cagou Rhynochetos jubatus , whose closest relative may be the distantly related sunbittern of South America , and plants such as Amborella trichopoda , the only known member of the most basal living branch of flowering plants , make this island a treasure trove and a critical concern for biologists and conservationists.

Damian McGinty: Caledonia

The island was home to horned fossil turtles Meiolania mackayi and terrestrial fossil crocodiles Mekosuchus inexpectatus which became extinct shortly after human arrival. There are no native amphibians, with geckos holding many of their niches. The crested gecko Correlophus ciliatus , thought to have gone extinct, was rediscovered in The only native mammals are four species of bat including the endemic New Caledonia flying fox. New Caledonia is home to 13 of the 19 extant species of evergreens in the genus Araucaria. The island has been called "a kind of 'Jurassic Park'" [20] because of the archaic characteristics of its highly endemic vegetation.

In addition to the basal angiosperm plant genus Amborella , for example, the island is home to more gymnosperm species than any other tropic landmass, with 43 of its 44 conifer species being unique to the island, which is also home to the world's only known parasitic gymnosperm, the rootless conifer Parasitaxus usta. Given their prehistoric appearance, the dry forests of western New Caledonia were chosen as the location for filming the first episode of the BBC miniseries Walking with Dinosaurs , which was set in the Arizona of the late Triassic.

After a formation discovered in Oman in the s, New Caledonia has the planet's largest known outcrop of ultrabasic rock , derived not from the crust, but from an upthrust fold of the more deeply underlying mantle of the earth. The toxicity of the mineral-rich soil has helped preserve the endemic vegetation, which has long been adapted to it, from competition from would-be colonizers which find it unsuitable.

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