Title: Captain Cook's journal during his first voyage round the world made in H.
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Thank you. The ship spent much of February and March circumnavigating the South Island, allowing Cook to complete his chart of New Zealand and to disprove the theory, common in Europe, that it was part of the Great Southern Continent. On 31 March Cook called his officers together to discuss the options for returning home. He wrote in his journal:. The Endeavour arrived off the east coast of Australia in April and sailed north in search of a harbour in which to take on supplies.
In late April it anchored at a place Cook later called Botany Bay. During the first landing two men, armed with spears and stones, tried to stop the British coming ashore. After a stand-off lasting ten or fifteen minutes the British fired muskets loaded with small shot, wounding one of the men in the leg.
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The Endeavour stayed a week at the bay, during which no direct contact was made with the Gweagal people , who lived in the area, although both groups observed each other from a distance. They include a sketch of a man with a spear and spearthrower. Usage terms Public Domain The Endeavour sailed north but was forced to stop in a river estuary in what is now northern Queensland, following a collision with the Great Barrier Reef in June The men made several visits to the camp and Sydney Parkinson, one of the artists, compiled a vocabulary of their language.
One of the indigenous communities that James Cook encountered when he first landed in Australia was the Guugu Yimithirr people, and they gave us a word we all use today. Can you guess what it is? After reaching the northern extremity of the east coast Cook landed on an island, which he called Possession Island.
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From Australia, the Endeavour sailed north to Batavia, the centre of the Dutch empire in the East Indies, where arrangements were made for it to be repaired in the dockyards. The Dutch had modelled Batavia on the towns of Holland, even down to the canals which ran through its centre and acted as natural reservoirs of disease. Seven men died at Batavia, including both Tupaia and Taiato.
On the journey across the Indian Ocean fever again took hold. More than two dozen men died, including the artist Sydney Parkinson and Charles Green, the astronomer who had helped Cook chart New Zealand and the east coast of Australia.
The first voyage of James Cook. Reprints and Permissions. By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines.
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If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate. Advanced search. Skip to main content. Subscribe Search My Account Login. Abstract CAPTAIN WHARTON has rendered excellent service to naval and colonial history, and to geographical science, by editing a transcript of Captain Cook's journal of the voyage of the Endeavour , which was undertaken chiefly for the purpose of observing the transit of Venus across the sun's disk, and which led to the founding of the Australian Colonies by Great Britain As is well known, the published accounts of that voyage are two, and neither of them satisfactory.
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